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Microbiome correlates of HIV-1 protection and control

Description

This work package is organized according to three stages:

  • Identification, isolation and microbiological characterization of faecal bacteria associated with protection from HIV acquisition or progression using culturomics and 16S rRNA sequencing
  • In vitro evaluation of the capacity of candidate bacteria to inhibit HIV-1 replication
  • Confirmation of in vitro data in suitable non-human primate models of HIV-1 infection and progression.

All analyses will be performed exclusively in men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM), central to the Western European HIV epidemic, since MSM may have a different microbiome composition to non-MSM individuals. Larger studies are required because testing people from different HIV-risk groups might confound associations. The recruited MSM will fit in three different phenotypes:

  1. Heavily exposed seronegative men
  2. Elite HIV-1 controllers
  3. HIV-negative participants

Objectives

To identify constitutive gut bacteria associated with protection from HIV-1 acquisition and with control of disease progression.

INSTITUTIONS

IrsiCaixa Institut de Recerca de la Sida IHU Méditerranée Infection Projecte dels NOMS-Hispanosida

LEAD BENEFICIARY

IrsiCaixa Institut de Recerca de la Sida